Fear of Writing


Alberta Sequeira
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Should words like hell/Hell and Heaven/heaven be capitalized or not? Why?


Okay. Another lesson on how to use words. I’m terrible at them, so I’m hoping you also have a problem and this helps, although, I’m still confused! Good Luck!

Charlotte Monroe, Author, Spiritual, Theatre Geek

It depends on what type of writing piece this is and your personal beliefs. For example, in a work of fiction in which the characters travel to Hell (like in the show Supernatural), Hell would be capitalized. Same with Heaven. In an essay on a book or using sources, you would consult the sources. If the writer of the book capitalizes the words, you capitalize them. If the writer leaves them lowercase, leave them lowercase. In most articles/newspapers/works of non-fiction, heaven and hell are lowercase.

Archie D’Cruz, English is the only language I am completely fluent in.

Good heavens, no!

You can use it if you prefer to do so, but as far as the mainstream press goes, neither heaven nor hell is capitalized. The Chicago Manual of Style and the AP Stylebook both have these words as lowercase.

And if you’re deeply religious, well sorry, but one of the few Liturgical style guides I have seen also has it as lowercase.

The only time you would capitalize Heaven and Hell is if these were distinct places, say in a work of fiction. Or if you’re referring to Hell, Michigan (that’s a real place, so don’t flame me!).

James Alan Bush, Blogger and iOS Developer (2011-present)
Answered Apr 16, 2018 · Author has 766 answers and 279.6k answer views
When used as a proper noun, yes; as adjectives and in their adverb form, no.

For example:

All good girls go to Heaven, who live a heavenly life. If they act hellish, however, they will go to Hell instead.

Jeff Azul, Software Developer

I would think that since “Earth” is capitalized when referring to the planet, one should also capitalize “Heaven” and “Hell.” If you agree with that statement, then it would make sense to say “Where is Heaven and Hell.” If you are trying to imply that there may be a question as to their actual existence, you may want to say “Where are these supposed realms, Heaven and Hell?”

It’s presumed that there is only one Heaven and one Hell, therefore, I would think they would be capitalized, except when you’re using the term “heavens” to indicate celestial bodies. I think this is an important distinction.

Using a Colon or Semicolon


A colon instead of a semicolon may be used between independent clauses when the second sentence explains, illustrates, paraphrases, or expands on the first sentence.

How do you know when to use a semicolon or a comma?
Rule: Use the semicolon if you have two independent clauses connected without a conjunction. Example: I have painted the house; I still need to sand the floors. Rule: Also use the semicolon when you already have commas within a sentence for smaller separations, and you need the semicolon to show bigger separations.

What is the difference between a colon and a semicolon?
Semicolons separate things. … For example, you can use either a semicolon or a colon to join two main clauses, but you can only use a colon to join a main clause with a noun. Here’s an example: “Squiggly missed only one friend: Aardvark.” You couldn’t use a semicolon in that sentence because the two parts are unequal.

What is the difference between a colon and a semicolon?
Can you put a comma between two complete sentences?
[Complete sentence],[coordinating conjunction] [complete sentence]. Use a comma between two complete sentences joined with a coordinating conjunction. There are 7 coordinating conjunctions: and, but, or, nor, yet, so, for.

Can you put a comma between two complete sentences?
Can you use a semicolon to replace a comma in a list?
When two independent clauses are relatively short and the relationship between them (contrast, addition, cause, effect etc.) can be inferred without the coordinating conjunction, some writers find it more sophisticated to omit the coordinating conjunction and replace the comma with a semicolon.

Can you use a semicolon to replace a comma in a list?
What is the difference between a comma and a semicolon?
When would you use a colon?
Do you use a colon or a semicolon before a list?
Do you have to put a comma before a coordinating conjunction?

1. To separate independent clauses, as in the third example above. That is, when two independent clauses (each can stand alone as a complete sentence) are joined with a coordinating conjunction, a comma is required before the conjunction. Without the comma, the sentence is known as a run-on sentence.
Do you have to put a comma before a coordinating conjunction?
Can you use a semicolon to join two complete sentences?
How do you know when a semicolon should be used correctly?
Can you use a semicolon in a list?
Semicolons to Separate List Items. Items in lists are usually separated with commas (as in the first example below). However, if the list items themselves contain commas, then semicolons can be used as separators to outrank those commas.

Can you use a semicolon in a list?
Do you put a comma before even if?
Both of those phrases could stand alone as complete sentences. That means they’re independent clauses, so you need to use a comma before but. … That phrase can’t stand by itself as a complete sentence, which means it’s a dependent clause. Therefore, you shouldn’t use a comma before but.

Do you put a comma before even if?
What is a comma with a conjunction?
The comma is always correct when used to separate two independent clauses connected by a coordinating conjunction. See Punctuation Between Two Independent Clauses for further help.

What is a comma with a conjunction?
Is a colon used for a list?
Use a colon before a list when the list is preceded by a complete independent clause. Never use a colon to separate a preposition from its objects or a verb from its complements. Some form of the word follow usually indicates a colon before the list.

Is a colon used for a list?
How do you use a colon?
A colon instead of a semicolon may be used between independent clauses when the second sentence explains, illustrates, paraphrases, or expands on the first sentence. Example: He got what he worked for: he really earned that promotion.

How do you use a colon?
Do you put a comma in front of if?
b: You can call if you need me. Note that in a:, the comma is placed before the “if” and is not present in case b. From this link, I gather that it isn’t necessary because it’s a short sentence: Is it mandatory to use a comma before a coordinating conjunction uniting the two independent clauses in a compound sentence?

Do you put a comma in front of if?
Do you use a comma before even though?
Do you use a comma before that?
When it is nonrestrictive — when you could take the which clause out and the meaning of the sentence would be unaltered — it takes a comma before it. … it is not the words which and that that determine whether there is a comma; it is the restrictive or nonrestrictive nature of the clauses they begin.

Do you use a comma before that?
Can you put a comma before or?
Is there a comma before if needed?
Is there a comma after or?
Comma (,) Use a comma after the first independent clause when you link two independent clauses with one of the following coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. For example: I am going home, and I intend to stay there.

Is there a comma after or?
Do you put a comma after Why?
We cannot say that the comma will always come before the conjunction and never after, but it would be a rare event, indeed, that we need to follow a coordinating conjunction with a comma. When speaking, we do sometimes pause after the little conjunction, but there is seldom a good reason to put a comma there.

Do you put a comma after Why?
What is a comma in a sentence?
Do you put a comma after and in a sentence?
Do you use a comma before and after a name?
The basic idea is that if the name (in the above example, “Jessie”) is the only thing in the world described by the identifier (“my oldest friend”), use a comma before the name (and after it as well, unless you’ve come to the end of the sentence). If not, don’t use any commas.

Do you use a comma before and after a name?
How do you know where to put commas?
What Does a colon look like in a sentence?
The colon ( : ) is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line. A colon precedes an explanation or an enumeration, or list.

What Does a colon look like in a sentence?
What is the difference between a colon and a semicolon?
Semicolons separate things. … For example, you can use either a semicolon or a colon to join two main clauses, but you can only use a colon to join a main clause with a noun. Here’s an example: “Squiggly missed only one friend: Aardvark.” You couldn’t use a semicolon inthat sentence because the two parts are unequal.

What is the difference between a colon and a semicolon?
What is a semicolon punctuation mark?
Do you put a comma after a statement?
Can you put a comma after and?
Are Appositives always set off by commas?
In some cases, the noun being explained is too general without the appositive; the information is essential to the meaning of the sentence. When this is the case, do not place commas around the appositive; just leave it alone. … Here we put commas around the appositive because it is not essential information.

Alberta Sequeira

Create Space: Publishing Your Own Book

you have got a mail

Girl cheking email

How many of you wanted to become your own publishers with CreateSpace and now find out that they will no longer help a writer learn how to get their manuscript into their website? I have 4 books with them that I uploaded myself and now found this information out about 3 weeks ago. Already being published with them doesn’t leaving me without problems facing me.

Like all companies, money is the key. So, this great company that once helped you is gone with that free task. I wrote a handbook from my classes on How to Self-Publish Your Own Book with CreateSpace. It took me over 4 months to just understand what they talked about for the steps. I went mad trying to upload and upload.

I put this book out to help others. If you want to get your book into CreateSpace, you have to choose one out of three companies you have to pay. Before you do so, my book is available on at for $10.00. At least you will understand their language on the remarks on the right side of your uploaded manuscript, if you can get that far.

Alberta Sequeira

When to use I or me!

When to use “I” and when to use “me”
Wednesday February 29th 2012

Pat from Australia asked: Which of the sentences below is correct and why?

Jill took Justin and I to the shop.
Jill took Justin and me to the shop.


This is a part of a bigger question that troubles both learners and native speakers of English: when to use I and when to use me.
The difference between I and me
Both I and me are 1st person singular pronouns, which means that they are used by one person to refer to himself or herself. I is the subject pronoun, used for the one “doing” the verb, as in these examples:
I am studying for a Russian test. (I is the subject of am studying.)
I can speak Russian, but I can’t read it very well. (I is the subject of can speak and can’t read.)

Me is the object pronoun, used as the object (or receiver) of the action of the verb, as in these examples:
My math teacher encouraged me to come for extra help after school. (Me is the object of encouraged.)
She asked me to bring my homework. (Me is the object of asked.)

The confusing part
What gets confusing for many people is which form to use when there are two subjects or objects linked with and, as in these examples:
a. Jenny and me/I (?) joined the chess club.
b. Jill took Justin and me/I (?) to the shop.
In sentence a), Jenny and me/I are the subjects of the verb joined. Therefore, the subject pronoun, I, is considered correct. You will certainly hear native speakers say, “Jenny and me,” and it may be acceptable in spoken English, but most traditional grammarians and English teachers will disapprove. Don’t use it in writing.

The opposite is true for sentence b), which is the original example from above. Justin and me/I are the objects of took. Therefore me is considered correct by most grammarians and teachers, although you will hear people say, “Justin and I.” Again, don’t use it in writing.

If you’re having trouble deciding which one to use in a particular sentence, here’s a hint: Take out the other person, and it should be clearer. You are not likely to be tempted to say, “Me joined the chess club,” or “Jill took I to the shop.”

I hope this helps.

Alberta Sequeira



This may sound easy, but the promoting isn’t an easy project. For me, it’s trying to find how to reach the newspapers, journalist, people to email introducing your book where your genre is best to introduce.

Money is such an important factor. It’s easy for professional to say, invest in a marketing company, agents to help, and take up other avenues promising to help. If you don’t have the flow of money to get it going, you’re stuck reaching no one.

Yes, we need a book opening to pull in the reader and have them want to turn one page after another. For some authors, this may be something so normal and comfortable, while others struggle getting the juices flowing into your story.

Maybe some writers or authors enjoy the conferences, meeting other writers, or paying for the help. Search engine is a huge door opening, but again, you need to know how to get your topic and tags up on the internet or you stay hidden.

There aren’t many authors to ask, because many are not famous to say they did it right. Or maybe, I’m too isolated to know them. Again, “Networking” is the key. Get a list of readers on a mailing or email list to keep them updated.

In other words, it could be a hit or miss. You need hard work and some of us have it in us while others fall short. Which one are you?

Alberta Sequeira

Books at”>

Developing an Author’s Bio

Are you at the point of needing a bio to introduce yourself? I remember way back in 2005, (boy, is that dating myself) attending a class run by Steven Manchester, another Associate Member of Authors Without Borders ( He’s an author of so many Best Sellers today. I met Steve when he ran a workshop titled “How to Get Published. He has been a mentor of mine ever since.

I laughed knowing I hadn’t had my first book out yet, or even finished, and he wanted the writers to fill in a bio of ourselves. Lets see, I had my name, address, telephone number, and the title of my book.

Now, it’s 2018, and I have published three memoirs, a Narrative Non-Fiction, three handbooks, teach three different workshops, and in the middle of writing my first women’s fictional becoming a trilogy. I became a speaker on substance abuse after losing my husband and daughter to this horrible, worldwide disease.

I developed fear, panic, broke out with a sweat, weak knees, pounding heart, and clammy hands and forehead talking in front of an audience (even with 2 people..maybe one). Today, I talk at halfway homes, rehab, court-ordered programs, inmates in jails, to families, and to the public. Oh yes, I still get this symptoms mentioned above, but I push myself through the tension.

I’m a director, producer and co-host to the NBTV-95 cable TV show out of New Bedford, Massachusetts with three other authors. I interview others on our show and get interviewed myself on other networks.

I write frequently for The Cape Cod Today blog or articles for newspapers. In fact, for five years!

I became a promoter with all these locations from hearing the difference between a poor author to a rich one. The poor ones enjoy just selling books at festivals or bookstores. A Rich Author wants to do more to get noticed. These are the thing I have accomplished for the past 13 years.

You’d think I’d be real famous by now, including being rich, especially, having the topic of losing my husband and daughter from alcohol and drug abuse. It’s a subject matter that effects so many of us day in and day out.

It goes to show how hard promoting is when I can honestly say, “A handful of people in the area know me.” I’m not famous or had the chance or opportunity to reach someone to help me get ahead. I’m comfortable within my skin to stay the way I am hoping to reach an alcoholic or drug user and save them.

I’m at the point of getting up there after years of pushing ahead, still young at heart, and try not to think about the work being hard. Age shouldn’t be the factor. We need the drive. Somedays, I wake up with so much energy and hope to get myself on the internet to reach all I can with my topic.

If it’s meant to be, I’ll get noticed. If not, I’ll continue on writing and enjoying the time being retired. We all need something to keep busy and feel like we are giving to someone else, instead of looking for something in return.

Disappointment will come in-between or something will bring you hope beyond anything that doors are opening. Example: Weeks ago, I had a producer from the CBS This Morning TV show from New York call me, stating that my letter, out of 700 from around the world, stood out to her. Wow! This HAS to be my break. She wanted my pictures, bio, and other information.

Patience is a good virtue. Patience!! I’m trying. It’s the wondering; am I going to get called, did she forget about me, did she lose interest, what is going on, if anything? I have author’s friends who have received emails or phone calls that their books will be made into a movie. Talk about frosting on the cake, to only hear that there was not enough money, or no one was interested in the book. Disappointments. Yes, what could hurt more?

Filling in a bio with what you have accomplished takes years. How fast depends on you. There are some authors happy to write, have the book on Amazon, and others who want it all. But, we have to go for it. Fame and getting known will not happen on its own…not that it hasn’t.

So, keep your writing going and just enjoy it.

Alberta Sequeira

Website:<a href=";
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Author’s Experiences

Taken from:

8 Steps To Writing A Sales-Driving Author Bio

1. Less is more.

2. Write in the third person.

3. What are your books about?

4. Humbly signify your authority.

5. Fiction writers can get personal.

6. Remember that the author bio is about your reader.

7. Name dropping is good.

8. Use your bio to build your email list.

Alberta Sequeira

Purchase Alberta’s books at

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